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Terpenes are organic compounds found in plants, responsible for the distinct aromas they give off. Aside from various cannabinoids found in a cannabis plant, terpenes give strains their unique fragrances and flavors, while also providing medicinal and therapeutic value.
Terpenes influence the effects THC and CBD may have on our individual bodies. When terpenes are used in conjunction with cannabinoids, the experiences and medicinal values of cannabis are enhanced.
Using terpenes to increase the positive outcomes of cannabis consumption is similar to using essential oils for aromatherapy purposes. Beyond therapeutic benefits, terpenes also offer patients medicinal values such as antiviral, anticancer, antidepressant, antimicrobial, and pain-relieving properties.
Although there are more than 150 unique terpenes found in medical cannabis, WholesomeCo is excited to share our top 12 this holiday season. Learn more about the various flavors and effects these terpenes provide and how their benefits may help treat qualified conditions in Utah.
Limonene’s distinct citrus aroma brings mood-elevating effects that assist in treating conditions causing anxious feelings or sadness. Limonene can be found in citrus fruit peels as well as cottonwood, juniper, and aspen tree resin. This terpene provides many medicinal benefits such as heartburn and GERD relief, antibacterial properties, and helps other terpenes be absorbed by the digestive tract. Limonene’s stress-relieving, antidepressant properties can be found in Boojum Lemon up gummies and tincture and the Dos-Si-Dos strain.
The terpene Humulene gives off an earthy, woody, and spicy aroma. Both cannabis and hoppy beers contain Humulene, giving them their distinct aromas and flavors. Potential healing properties of this specific terpene include anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and appetite suppressant effects. Humulene gives off uplifting and calming effects and can primarily be found in hops, basil, and cloves.
As its name suggests, this terpene carries a woody, herbal, pine fragrance. Pinene can be found in Conifer trees, basil, and rosemary. Its effects include pain relief, anti-inflammatory properties, and enhanced focus and energy. Pinene can also help treat Bronchodilation and combat short-term memory loss. Boojum Hibiscus Lime gummies highlight Pinene and its positive effects on the body.
Beta-Caryophyllene provides a pungent and peppery aroma found in cloves, black pepper, and cinnamon. By working directly with humans CB2 receptor, which determines how we experience the effects of cannabis, this terpene offers many medical benefits with limited psychoactivity. Beta-Caryophyllene can help manage anxiety and inflammation in addition to Chronic Pain, PTSD, Cancer, Inflammation, IBS, Crohn’s, and Ulcerative Colitis. Boojum Cherry All Day gummies contain Beta-Caryophyllene and the uplifting and calming effects that accompany the terpene.
This distinct terpene gives off floral fragrances that can be found in lilac, coriander, and pine.
Potential effects of Terpinolene include uplifting and calming therapeutic benefits. The substance also provides medicinal properties, making strains that contain Terpinolene even more valuable. Potential medical uses include antibiotics, antioxidants, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antimalarial, and anti-anxiety.
Linalool is found in Lavender, where its calming and relaxing aroma also stems from. Linalool helps treat pain, anxiety, and depression and can help improve sleep. In addition to its uplifting effects, this terpene can also decrease the need for opioid pain medications after surgery and help reduce seizures.
The scents of P-Cymene can be compared to citrus and wood. This earthy terpene is found in cumin, oregano, thyme, and coriander. P-Cymene’s effects include decreasing inflammation while increasing memory and alertness. A cannabis product that offers the benefits of P-Cymene is Curaleaf’s mango haze cartridge.
Known for its presence in hops, Myrcene brings an earthy, spicy aroma, similar to the musky flavors of beer. As the most common terpene, Myrcene can be found in mango, hops, lemongrass, and thyme. Its effects include pain relief, anti-inflammatory, relaxation, improved sleep, and improved glucose tolerance. Myrcene can provide comfort to patients experiencing Chronic Pain or PTSD symptoms, both qualified conditions in Utah. Specific cannabis products that contain Myrcene include WholesomeCo Gorilla OG, WholesomeCo Kiwi, and WholesomeCo Thin Mint.
Ocimene is best known for its anti-inflammatory, antidepressant, and antifungal properties. This pain-relieving terpene gives off sweet, earthy, citrus scents found in mint, parsley, orchids, oregano, and tarragon. Ocimene may also relieve nasal congestion while providing relaxation and mood-elevating feelings. Cannabis products that contain Ocimene as their primary terpene include Dutch Treat, WholesomeCo Thin Mint, and Clementine.
Consisting of a sweet, citrus fragrance, Valencene is a common terpene used in a wide variety of cannabis strains. Although Its medicinal effects are still being researched, Valencene may have anti-inflammatory and antifungal properties with an added benefit of alertness. This terpene is also known for repelling ticks and mosquitos because of its strong citrus and herbal notes. Valencene can be found in the rinds of citrus fruits like oranges, grapefruits, and tangerines.
Bisabolol is the main terpene in chamomile, providing it with a sweet floral aroma. Because of its strong pleasant scents, this terpene is common in cosmetics. Beyond its fragrance, Bibabolol decreases inflammation, offers anti-anxiety properties, and may even help protect the gastrointestinal system. The effects of Bisabolol can be experienced in cannabis-using Dragonfly Sundae Flower.
This spicy, woody-smelling terpene comes from cloves, turmeric, and cinnamon. Eugenol is great for relieving pain and inflammation. It may also protect nerve cells from damage. Boojum Eugenol Drops can offer patients the positive effects of Eugenol.
Kaplan, J. (2018, April 23). What is Linalool & what does this cannabis terpene do?
Leafly. Retrieved from: https://www.leafly.com/news/science-tech
Tilray. (2016, July 11). Benefits of Cannabis Terpenes: Ocimene, Terpinolene, and Guaiol. Leafly. Retrieved from: https://www.leafly.com/news
Bennett (2018, November 28). What is humulene and what does this cannabis terpene do? Leafly. Retrieved from: https://www.leafly.com/news/science-tech/humulene-terpene
Tilray. (2016, August 16). Benefits of Cannabis Terpenes: Terpineol, Valencene, and Geraniol.
Leafly. Retrieved from: https://www.leafly.com/news